Communicable Disease Control

Communicable disease surveillance is a multi-component system that monitors and analyzes data that includes – but is not limited to – demographic, geographic, and disease/condition-specific information. Accurate identification and timely reporting are integral parts of successful disease control, enabling public health agencies to:

  • identify contacts who may be infected or other individuals at risk for infection,
  • determine the incidence and prevalence of disease in a specific area of the state,
  • assist physicians and hospitals in evaluating illnesses in their patients and communities, and
  • assist the public in making better decisions regarding their health and lifestyle.

With the right information, CDC and public health professionals can take effective and timely actions to save lives and keep Americans secure. Communicable diseases spread from one person to another or from an animal to a person. The spread often happens via airborne viruses or bacteria, but also through blood or other bodily fluid. The terms infectious and contagious are also used to describe communicable disease. Examples of communicable diseases are:

 

Mosquito borne illnesses:

   West Nile Virus

   Zika

   Chikungunya

   Mosquito information and prevention

Tick borne illnesses:

   Lyme Disease

   Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

   Tularemia

   Tick information and prevention

Other communicable diseases:

Influenza

Measles

MRSA

Legionella

Bacterial Meningitis

Viral Meningitis

Scabies

Norovirus

Pertussis

Ebola

Mumps

Tuberculosis

Rabies

     Rabies Prevention:  While rabies is 100% fatal, it is also 100% preventable.  Simple precautions are all it takes to ensure you do not have to undergo costly treatments or euthanize your pet.

  • Avoid all wildlife –
    • Don’t try to help a sick or injured animal on your own – contact authorities to handle these situations
    • Don’t try to pet a seemingly friendly wild animal – leave them be!
    • Don’t feed wild animals or encourage them in any way to come close to your or near your home
    • Keep pets secured and unable to mingle with wildlife
  • Vaccinate your pets –
    • It’s required for all domestic animals in city limits in most, if not all, cities in Kansas to be vaccinated against rabies
    • Rabies vaccine must be administered by a licensed veterinarian
    • Keep copies of rabies vaccination records
  • Leave strays alone-
    • If you’re concerned a stray animal may be injured, contact local authorities (animal control)
    • If you have a stray (or an abundance of strays), contact animal control to catch and remove the animals
    • Don’t allow your children to play with stray kittens or puppies – they can be carrying disease as well as fleas, ticks, and lice
  • Spay or neuter your pets-
    • Limit unwanted pet population and potential rabies risks by spaying or neutering  your pets
    • Pets who have been spayed or neutered are less likely to wander or fight with strays who could be infected

 

 

Marsha Donals is our Director of Nursing at the City-Cowley County Health Department.  Marsha has been with the department since 1998 and is a wealth of knowledge.  She helps track communicable diseases when they occur.  She works directly with schools and hospitals to help prevent outbreaks by provide information and support as needed.  Marsha also ensures that the CCCHD staff is updated when there are changes to immunization schedules, vaccines, ‘best practices’, and so many other things. If you have any questions regarding communicable diseases, please don’t hesitate to give us a call or come by either office location.  Marsha or one of our other excellent nurses will be happy to chat with you.

 

 

 

Jodi Pew works with Emergency Preparedness at the City-Cowley County Health Department.  She’s been with the department since 2013.  One of her responsibilities is to assist in the investigation of animal incidents in Cowley County.  She follows each case to its conclusion to ensure that if there is a case of rabies, it is handled appropriately and any risk involved (whether to humans or animals) is documented and mitigated.  Jodi would also help if there was a pandemic outbreak of a communicable disease or even in a mass casualty event.

 

 

 

2017 – 18 Local Influenza Surveillance Report

Cowley County, Kansas – Flu Activity

This report is a summary of observations and test result analysis compiled during the local 2017 – 18 influenza season (November – March) in Cowley County, Kansas to document the effect on the health of the local population.

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